Nineteen Eighty-four 8

Nineteen Eighty-four
This companion to October 17 Part 1 & Part 2 is not an English Literature Study Guide for 1984. Instead it puts historical context to Orwell’s reasons for writing the novel. He got the title by reversing the year he finished it: 1948. Originally he called it The Last Man in Europe, but decided 1984 ...

October 17 Pt 2: Storming the Winter Palace 14

October 17 Pt 2: Storming the Winter Palace
  Read Part 1 October 17 In May 1917 when Trotsky arrived in Petersburg from New York, after spending a month interned by the British, he did not immediately join Lenin’s Bolsheviks. As a Marxist, Trotsky was suspicious of Lenin, who he rightly viewed as an ambitious radical intent on exploiting a popular mass movement ...

Hey Joe 12

Hey Joe
  When Joe Orton’s future agent, Peggy Ramsay, said she found his first play derivative, Joe blithely replied: “I’ll try ’n write you a better one, dear.” To which she answered: “That would be gorgeous!” Peggy was referring to his one act drama called ‘Ruffian on the Stair’ aired by BBC Radio on 31 August ...

The Fight for Superman 15

The Fight for Superman
  Superman is not only the most lucrative comic book superhero of all time, with countless spin-offs into films, animation and television, but he was also the first. Despite being a worthy tale, the Superman saga pales in comparison with his creators’ struggles to assert their rights over their property. In 1933, 17-year-old high school ...

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari 1

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
  The German silent film ‘The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari’ (1920) was one of the first films of the German Expressionist movement. A fantastic angular graphic design, with shadows painted directly onto the sets, emphasised not only the nightmare quality of the tale, essentially a descent into madness, but also cinema as art. While Caligari ...
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